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♦CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS♦


1452 2nd October             

Richard born at Fotheringhay Castle Northamptonshire. He was the 11th child of of Richard Duke of York and Cecily Neville


1453 December               

Henry VI's first bout of mental illness


1455 22nd May                

1st Battle of St Albans - start of the Wars of the Roses. Richard of York defeats the royal army


1460 10th July                 

 Battle of Northampton. Capture of Henry VI


1460  30th December       

Death of his father at the Battle of Wakefield. Richard and his brother George were sent to the Low Countries for safety


1461  29th March             

His elder brother, Edward, Earl of March, defeated a Lancastrian army at the Battle of Towton and deposed Henry VI. He acceded to the throne as Edward IV. There was a major shift in Richard's future prospects. He was created Duke of Gloucester and also became 2nd in line to the throne. His brother George became Duke of Clarence


1461                                   

Richard entered the household of his cousin, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick. He became Commissioner of Array for the North


1462                                  

Richard  appointed  Admiral of England


1464                                  

 Marriage of Edward IV to Elizabeth Woodville


1469                                  

 Yorkshire rebellion against Edward IV led by Robin of Redesdale


1469 1st July                      

Marriage of George, Duke of Clarence to Isabel Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick  


1469 26th July                  

Battle of Edgecote 


1469 Aug-Sept                   

Edward IV became a prisoner of Warwick at Middleham Castle


1470 Feb-March                 

Rising in Lincolnshire


1470 12th March               

Battle of Empingham


1470 April                         

The Earl of Warwick and the Duke of Clarence flee to France  


1470 13th Sept                 

The Earl of Warwick lands in Devon


1470 29th Sept                 

Edward IV and Richard flee to the Low Countries


1470 4th November          

Birth of a son, Edward, to Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville


1471 11th April                  

Readeption of Henry VI


1471 14th March              

Edward IV lands at Ravenspur, Yorkshire


1471 14th April                

Battle of Barnet - the Earl of Warwick killed in the battle. Margaret of Anjou and her son, Edward of Lancaster land at Weymouth


1471 4th May                     

Battle of Tewkesbury - death of Edward of Lancaster


1471 21st May                  

Death of Henry VI in the Tower of London


1478 18th February

Execution of George, Duke of Clarence for treason


1483 9th April                  

Death of Edward IV - Richard Duke of Gloucester named as Lord Protector


1483 11th April                

Edward V proclaimed king


1483 13th June              

Execution of William, Lord Hastings


1483 25th June              

Coronation of Edward V cancelled


1483  26th June            

Richard Duke of Gloucester declared king


1483 6th July                  

Coronation of Richard III and Anne Neville


1483 Oct-Nov                   

The Duke of Buckingham's Rebellion


1484 9th April                 

Death of Edward of Middleham


1485 16th March            

Death of Anne Neville


1485 7th August             

Henry Tudor lands at Milford Haven


1485 11th August           

Richard III summons his forces


1485 22nd August         

Battle of Bosworth - death of Richard III